Czech inventors

Czech inventors

Prokop Diviš
(1698-1765)
inventor of lightning rod

Alois Senefelder
(1771-1834)
inventor of litography

Josef Božek
(1782-1835)
constructor of steam carriage and ship

Jan Evangelista Purkyně
(1787-1869)
fingerprints, theory of cells...

Cousins Veverkové
(1796-1849)
inventors of ruchadlo (swing plough)

Johann Gregor Mendel
(1822-1884)
laws of inheritance

Jakub Husník
(1837-1916)
inventor of the improved photolithography method

Max Ernst
(1838-1916)
Mach number, the study of shock waves, supersonic velocity

Karel Klíč
(1841-1926)
photogravure reproduction

Josef Ressel
(1841-1926)
invent and use the propeller

František Křižík
(1847-1941)
inventor of the arc lamp

Leopold Sviták
(1856-1931)
automobile constructor

Jan Janský
(1873-1921)
blood types

Karel Schinzel
(1886-1951)
colour photography

Erich Roučka
(1888-1986)
electric measuring instruments

Jaroslav Heyrovský
(1890-1967)
inventor of polarography

Otto Wichterle
(1913-1998)
inventor of contact lenses

Antonín Holý
(1936)
antiretroviral drugs against HIV and hepatitis B

Czech inventions

Sugar cube
(1843)

Breech-loader rifle
(1849)

Koh-i-noor snap
(1902)

Cubist architecture
(1910)

Kaplan turbine
(1912)

Tent with wooden sides
(1913)

Snowmobile Tatra V855
(1942)

Mechanic pencil Versatil
(1946)

Sobering-up Station
(1951)

Remoska
(1957)

Semtex
(1964)

Plasma pencil
(2006)

Nanofibres

The most famous czech fictional inventor of all time

Jára Cimrman is known to many in this country as perhaps the greatest Czech inventor, artist, explorer and musician of all time. He has been the subject of a dozen plays, which are frequently staged in a Prague theatre that is named after him. The plays aim to highlight the contribution of a man who many believe has never received proper recognition for his achievements.

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